BAGHDAD (Union) – A report issued by the International Center for Development Studies in London yesterday that the Syrian crisis and put Baghdad in an embarrassing situation, and it raised a lot of questions about the role played by Iraq in the region, and the position of the Syrian regime.
said that the Syrian regime was Years before the bitterest enemies of Baghdad, he contributed to the entry number of leaders of “Al Qaeda” to Iraq to carry out terrorist operations, while opposed to Baghdad today to change the regime in Damascus, and trying to prevent the flow of militants from Iraq to Syria.
According to the report, this reflects the impact formal decision Iraqi politics Iranian in the region, and reflects fears the Iraqi government of any change gets Syrian arena. According to the report, the government of Nouri al-Maliki today is before options are very complex, they are either working to strengthen its relations with Iran at the expense of the relationship with the United States or to abandon the axis ( Tehran – Damascus) for the benefit of change in Syria. , but with the growing Iranian influence in Iraq and support for some militant groups, the Maliki government fears any move that could undermine the stability of Baghdad and central and southern governorates. has emerged Iranian role clearly, especially in the last three years, when persuaded Iran some Shiite parties opposed to the Maliki government should support, and pressure on the parties and other political blocs to not eat any files financial corruption or manager, that could undermine the reputation of this government in the Iraqi street. contrast of this press Iran strongly on Baghdad to support its policy in support of the Syrian regime and the provision of logistical cover him.
As Iran uses window Iraqi in breaking the economic embargo imposed on it by the West, through the strengthening of their political influence and economic in Iraq. The report adds that Baghdad is well aware of the role played by the United States to install the influence of the Maliki government, especially in the post-American withdrawal from Iraq , so it rejects any allegations of Iranian influence or any impact of Iraqi politics interests of Iran in the region. According to the report, Washington has papers pressure are many, can be driven against the government of Mr. Maliki, in case of refusal of the latter to cooperate with it, especially with regard to file Syrian.
On the one hand may have contributed to a large degree in the return of Iraqi production of oil to advanced levels, and played a major role in reducing Iraq’s debt by 80%, also managed to resolving the dispute oil between Baghdad and the Kurdistan region a bit, at the time aware of the Baghdad dangerous separation of this territory by the United States’ ability to play an important role in Iraq would emerge from Chapter VII.
as the United States threatened to cut off financial assistance to Iraq, and $ 1.7 billion, this year, if Baghdad continues its current policy. In an attempt to allay U.S. concerns of increasing Iranian influence in Iraq, held Baghdad a number of arms deals with the United States, and agreed to pay part of the dues oil companies operating in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, after it was rejected any legal formula for contracts signed between these companies and the Government region. According to the report, Baghdad was still keen on appearing in holding the stick from the middle between Tehran and Washington.
This policy is reflected on the Iraqi initiative launched by the Maliki government to resolve the conflict in Syria.
This clearly confirms fluctuation Iraqi official position of the Syrian crisis, and Tnazaah by Iranian pressure and fears of a deteriorating relationship with Washington. But with the Iraqi government continues to pursue this option, the matter seems to be very difficult and complicated, especially in the context of the current facts and circumstances. The attitude of the Syrian crisis put the Iraqi government in an embarrassing position in front of both Iran and the United States alike. Can no longer-Maliki ignored escalation in the Syrian file, especially after the Arab claims to the Arab military intervention to stop the violence. As fears of Baghdad international isolation that may be imposed upon a background of turmoil relationship between them and Washington, and especially after the tightening of economic sanctions against Tehran.
The report adds that the United States realized recently role undeclared to the Iraqi government supported by Iran and the Syrian regime, so Washington has demanded Baghdad to prevent the passage of any Iranian planes bound for Syria, and the need to stop arms shipments en route from Tehran to Damascus through Iraqi airspace. Baghdad rejected part of these allegations, accusing some parties of trying to distort the relationship between them and the United States. According to the report it if worsened relationship Baghdad with Washington more than that may be the Maliki government had to head east toward China or Russia, especially that Iraq needs to major companies able to meet the requirements of the reconstruction of its infrastructure destroyed, and continue to produce oil at high levels.
The Maliki’s government would like to have alliances outside the framework of the Regional narrow, in an attempt to avoid any negative effects caused by the deterioration of its relations with the United States or Turkey. fears Maliki government of a potential slowdown in arming the Iraqi army aircraft American contracted to buy earlier, and U.S. Congress decision to cancel funding for the training of Iraqi security forces. Within this framework comes Maliki’s planned visit to Moscow soon, and his desire to conclude deals for the purchase of Russian aircraft. The report adds that any Iraqi rapprochement – Russian – Iranian will have a negative impact on the nature of future relations between Baghdad and Washington, Maliki’s government has put in a difficult exam may undermine stability in Iraq full of crises. Emirati Union