Iraq’s Chapter VII status in simple terms boils down to Iraq-Kuwait relations…thats it. But its a bit more complicated than that.
The remaining element in Chapter VII sanctions regarding Iraq involves the following:
1) Return Missing Person. This requires Iraq to find mass graves and return bodies of those involved in the Iraq invasion in the 1990’s. Saddam Hussein violently invaded Kuwait and killed civilians and members of the military and then buried them in unmarked graves in the sands of Kuwait and Iraq.
2) Return of Missing Artifacts. When Saddam Hussein’s army invaded Kuwait they looted museums and places of interest stealing everything valuable and/or historical.
3) Compensation by Iraq to Kuwait in the amount of $21 Billion.
4) Define the borders between Iraq and Kuwait …this is often called demarcation. This is not as simple as it sounds as it deals with shared oil fields, maritime rights, transplanting villages and people which are located on the border, etc.
5) The United Nations recently required the Prime Minister of Iraq to write a public letter to the Iraqi Parliament vowing to never attack or seek aggression with its neighbors, specifically Kuwait. This letter is then required to be read and submitted to the Iraqi parliament for validation.